Miniature Schnauzer Dog Breed

Dog Group: Non-Sporting Group

Class: Non-Sporting


The Miniature Schnauzer is a small dog, with masses of hair on its elongated head. This dog has a square shape, with oval, dark eyes and a short tail (usually docked). It has a strong, long muzzle and coat colors come in black, white, salt & pepper or black and silver. The hair is harsh and wire-like on the body, but softer and longer on the face. This breed has a sturdy and neat appearance, and its dark eyes lend it an intelligent and watchful expression. You can get Miniature Schnauzers in pure white, but these are not recognized by the American Kennel Club.


Intelligent, loving and loyal, the Miniature Schnauzer makes a great companion and family pet. This breed has lots of energy and is very affectionate and eager to please. The Miniature Schnauzer is also a very alert and playful dog, and has a great deal of courage. The Miniature Schnauzer will think nothing of challenging larger dogs, and makes an excellent watchdog. This breed can vary in temperament, so you should always look into the temperament of the parents before making a firm selection. The Miniature Schnauzer will get on with children and other animals when properly socialized, although they may be a little anti-social with other dogs.

Height and Weight

The typical Miniature Schnauzer can reach around 12-14 inches in height. The weight of the average Miniature Schnauzer is around 10-15 pounds.

Common Health and Behavioral Problems

The Miniature Schnauzer can suffer from skin problems and hereditary eye disorders. Live disease and diabetes are also health risks to look out for. This breed can quickly put on weight and become obese without proper dietary care and exercise.

Ideal Living Conditions

The Miniature Schnauzer does not necessarily need a yard or garden, and can live just as happily in an apartment as in a house. However, if you do not have a garden, you must ensure that he received regular walks and exercise.

Exercise Requirements

These dogs have plenty of energy to burn and are prone to weight gain, so regular exercise is a must. The Miniature Schnauzer will enjoy a long walk each day, and his love for companionship makes him the perfect sort of dog for interactive play, which will give him enjoyment and exercise. 

Diet and Nutrition

This breed has no special dietary requirements other than nutritious, good quality food. However, care must be taken not to overfeed the Miniature Schnauzer, as these dogs are prone to weight gain. You must provide access to fresh, clean water at all times.

Life Expectancy

The Miniature Schnauzer has a good life expectancy of around fifteen years. Obviously, this is dependant upon the dog’s overall condition and his health and lifestyle.

Grooming Requirements

The coat of the Miniature Schnauzer should be brushed on a daily basis to avoid matting. You will also need to take him to have his coat clipped every six months or so. Take the opportunity to check your dog’s eyes for any signs of infection of problems when grooming, as this breed is at increased risk from eye problems.


The Miniature Schnauzer originates from Germany, and although there is no definitive information with regards to his ancestry, it is thought that he may have descended from breeds such as the Poodle, Affenpinscher, and the standard Schnauzer. This breed was used for rat-catching, a skill at which it proved excellent. The Miniature Schnauzer was also used for hunting, guarding and herding. The Miniature Schnauzer was first registered by the American Kennel Club in 1926.

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More Resources

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